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rajibraj 15 January 2023

Essential Tax Dates: A Comprehensive Guide for Limited Companies and Self-Employed Individuals

Managing tax responsibilities is crucial for both limited companies and self-employed individuals to ensure compliance with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) regulations. Understanding key tax deadlines is vital for effective planning and timely submissions. Here's an in-depth guide to the important dates for limited companies and self-employed individuals throughout the tax year.

Key Dates for Limited Companies:

Company Year End: The date marking the end of your company's financial year, impacting accounting periods and tax calculations.

Corporation Tax Return and Payment Due Date: Typically nine months and one day after the company year end, when both the corporation tax return (CT600) and tax payment are due.

Annual Accounts Submission Deadline: Within nine months of the company year end, annual accounts must be filed with Companies House.

PAYE and National Insurance Contributions (NICs): Monthly/quarterly deadlines for submitting PAYE information and paying NICs.

VAT Returns and Payments: Quarterly deadlines for filing VAT returns and making payments, usually one month and seven days after the VAT period ends.

Confirmation Statement: Limited Companies are required to file Confirmation statement annually, usually, its purpose is to verify the accuracy and currency of the details retained by Companies House.

This comprehensive guide highlights crucial tax deadlines for both limited companies and self-employed individuals, emphasizing the significance of meeting these dates and providing guidance for effective tax planning and compliance throughout the tax year.
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Company Incorporation Date:

Example: ABC Ltd was incorporated on January 15, 2020.

Annual Return (Now Confirmation Statement):

Deadline: Annually, typically 12 months from the last filed statement.

Example: ABC Ltd's confirmation statement deadline is January 15, 2023.

Annual Accounts Filing:

Deadline: Within 9 months of the company's financial year-end.

Example: ABC Ltd's financial year-end is December 31, 2022, making the accounts filing deadline September 30, 2023.

Corporation Tax Return and Payment:

Deadline: Typically 9 months and 1 day after the accounting period ends.

Example: ABC Ltd's accounting period ends on December 31, 2022, setting the corporation tax return and payment deadline at October 1, 2023.

VAT Returns and Payments:

Deadline: Usually 1 month and 7 days after the end of the VAT period.

Example: ABC Ltd's VAT period ends on March 31, 2023, making the return and payment deadline May 7, 2023.

PAYE and National Insurance Contributions (NICs):

Monthly/Quarterly Deadlines: Submit PAYE information and pay NICs accordingly.

Important Dates for Self-Employed Individuals:

Self-Assessment Tax Return Deadline: The deadline for filing your self-assessment tax return is January 31st following the end of the tax year. This includes income from self-employment, partnerships, or other sources.

Payment on Account Deadline: January 31st and July 31st are the dates for making Payments on Account towards the next year's tax bill, based on the previous year's tax liability.

Record Keeping: Ongoing responsibility to maintain accurate financial records, receipts, and invoices throughout the tax year for income and expenses.

NICs and Tax Payments: If not paying through Payments on Account, deadlines for settling National Insurance Contributions and tax liabilities are January 31st and July 31st.

VAT Registration Threshold Monitoring: Monitor your turnover if VAT registered, as crossing the VAT threshold may require timely VAT registration and submissions.

Importance of Meeting Deadlines:

Avoid Penalties: Late submissions may result in penalties, interest, or even legal actions by HMRC.

Maintain Compliance: Timely submissions ensure compliance with tax regulations, preventing unnecessary stress and financial strain.

5th April End of Tax Year
31st July 2nd Payment on Account of tax for prior year due to HMRC
5th October Last day to advise HMRC that you need to register for Self-Assessment for the prior Tax Year
31st October Closing date for filing Paper Income Tax Return with HMRC
31st October Last day for submitting Tax Return if you want HMRC to calculate your tax liability
30th December Last available day for filing Income Tax return with HMRC if you want any Tax collected through your PAYE Coding (under £3,000)
31st January Payment of the balance of any tax, national insurance and student loan owed to HMRC for the prior year.
31st January 1st Payment on Account of tax for prior year due to HMRC. Cutoff date for filing your income tax return.
5th April End of Tax year
31st July 2nd Payment on Account of tax for prior year due to HMRC


Awareness and adherence to these important dates are crucial for limited companies and self-employed individuals to manage their tax affairs efficiently. Missing deadlines can lead to financial penalties and unnecessary stress.

Utilize digital tools, calendars, and reminders to stay organized and ensure timely submissions. Seeking advice from accountants or tax professionals can provide valuable guidance and support in meeting tax obligations effectively.

Remember, proactive planning and staying informed about these key dates can significantly streamline tax responsibilities, ensuring smooth operations throughout the tax year.